Culture in AmrohaAmroha has for long been known for its Ganga Jamuna tahzeeb. The town is one of the minority concentrated areas of Amroha. The people of Amroha have been leaving in peace for centuries now. It is one of those towns in the world where traces of human civilization have been found to be 2400 year old. Traces of existence of Amroha have been found for the first time during the rule of Raja Amarjoda of the Bansi Dynasty during 479 BC.
It remained under Rajput rule from 676-1141 AD. After Amroha was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1093, Muslim culture began to flourish in Amroha. It soon became a province of Delhi Sultanate. Later on when Mughal Empire was expanding in India, Amroha became a part of it. It was a part of the territories of Nawab of Awadh for a short period before it finally became a province under British East India Company in 1801. In 1947 when India got Independence it became part of the Republic of India. In the past 2400 years of Amroha’s existence, it has been part of many governments and has been ruled by many rulers. Each of them has left their mark on the culture of Amroha. Even after Islam being the religion of 70% of the population of Amroha, people of all religions have been able to flourish and grow in Amroha. Secularism and tolerance are two of the greatest qualities that people of Amroha posses. If you find Hindu women in Dargahs of the cities all through the year praying for the well being of their close ones, sight of burqa clad women in the Vasudev temple is like any other common thing that people of Amroha are accustomed about.
Here people of all religions come out to celebrate their festivals and others join in to make it a grand affair. Some of the festivals that are celebrated in Amroha include:
The town of Amroha comes alive during the celebration of Eid. Immense rush can be seen for offering prayers in front of idgahs and mosques. Streets are filled with the fragrance of Itra and aroma of delicious ewaiyans. It becomes almost irresistible to ignore the air that remained filled with the fragrance of spices used for cooking biryanis and other delicacies. Preparation for Eid begins in a month advance with the holy month of Ramadan. The markets remain decorated for the entire 30 days of Ramadan selling traditional delights of Amroha.
Muharram is another moment of celebration for the Shi’a Muslims of Amroha. Large processions are taken out on the streets of Amroha to commemorate the battle of Karbala. People take ride on the back of animals like camels and horses. It is celebrated on the first day of Muslim calendar and it is a day of great remorse for Muslims across the world. In Amroha also they grieve the death of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his 72 followers for the sake of humanity and Islam.
Celebrated on the 12th day of rabiul’awwal of the Islamic calendar, it marks the birthday of Prophet Muhammad. Milad Un Nabi brings all the Muslims of Amroha together to celebrate the festival. They go to the idgahs or mosques for naat and kalaam are recited as part of paying gratitude to the Holy Prophet. Large processions are taken out and the roods remain stranded during the evening hours for celebrating the festival.
Other festivals celebrated with grandeur in Amroha include Holi, Diwali, Guruparab, Christmas and Urs of Shah Waliyat Sahab. The Muslim population of the town takes part in these festivals with equal enthusiasm their other religious counterparts have done during their festivals. In fact these festivals are just a time to prove to the world the secularism and brotherhood that has been synonym of Amroha in all its 2400 years of existence.